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122nd Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
122nd Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 6, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois Infantry. — Col., John I. Rinaker; Lieut. -Col., James F. Drish; Maj., James F. Chapman. This
regiment was organized at Camp Palmer, Carlinville, in Aug., 1862, and
was mustered into the U. S. service on Sept. 4, with 960 enlisted men.
It remained in camp and was drilled until Oct. 8, and was then ordered
to Columbus, Ky. In December, with other troops, it moved from Jackson,
Tenn., where it was then stationed, had a skirmish with the enemy on the
19th, then moved on out to Lexington, and returned to Jackson on Dec.
21. On Dec. 30 a skirmish occurred with the enemy, in which the regiment
participated, and on the following day it was engaged in a battle with
the enemy under Forrest, in which the regiment lost 23 killed, 58
wounded and 1 missing. In April, 1863, the regiment took part in an
expedition to Town creek, Ala., and was engaged with a Confederate force
at that place. It was then assigned to railroad guard duty and during
the ensuing months till Oct. 30, the men were constantly on duty and
often engaged in skirmishes with cavalry forces of the enemy threatening
the railroad. In Jan., 1864, the regiment was moved to Cairo, Ill. While
there, in the following March, a considerable Confederate force under
Forrest attacked Paducah, Ky. Three companies of the regiment, E, H and
K, took part in the defense and aided in repelling the enemy in the
three several assaults he made on Fort Anderson at that place. In June
the regiment was ordered to Tennessee and in July participated in the
battle of Tupelo, Miss., losing 10 killed and 33 wounded. Near Abbeville
it had a skirmish with the enemy in August. It was at Nashville in
December and took part in the battle, capturing 4 pieces of artillery
and a battleflag from the enemy, and losing in killed and wounded 26
men. In the early part of 1865 it was transferred to the Department of
the Gulf, assisted in the investment of the Confederate fortifications
at Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort, and materially aiding in capturing the
latter place, the loss of the regiment being 20 men in killed and
wounded. On June 5 the regiment moved to Mobile, Ala., where it was
mustered out July 15, 1865.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3