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116th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
116th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 6, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Sixteenth Illinois Infantry. Col., Nathan W. Tupper; Lieut. -Cols., James P. Boyd, Anderson Froman, John E. Maddux; Majs., Anderson Froman, Austin McClurg, John S. Windsor. This regiment was recruited almost wholly from Macon county, numbering 980 officers and men when it started from Decatur for the front on Nov. 8, 1862. Co. F was from McLean county. Co. H from Christian and Shelby counties. The regiment went into Camp Macon near Decatur and was mustered into the U. S. service on Sept. 30, 1862. On Nov. 8 it was ordered to Memphis via Cairo, to join Gen. W. T. Sherman's 15th army corps, and was assigned to the 1st brigade, 2nd division. In December the regiment received its baptism of fire in the battle of Chickasaw bluffs, the officers and men fighting so gallantly as to receive the highest compliments from the veterans of the older regiments in the brigade. It then passed down the Yazoo to the Mississippi river and up that and the Arkansas river to Arkansas Post, where in Jan., 1863, it fought its second battle, sustaining heavy losses. The casualties in Co. B were particularly severe, the company coming out of the battle with but 25 men. In March the regiment went up the Black bayou and Deer creek in company with the 8th Mo. to save Admiral Porter's fleet from the clutches of the Confederates, which was done after a hard fight. The regiment engaged in the battles of Champion's hill and Black River bridge, and in the bloody charges on the Vicksburg fortifications in May, losing heavily. Being transferred to eastern Tennessee, the 116th Ill. and 6th Mo. regiments floated down the Tennessee river in pontoon boats to the mouth of Chickamauga creek, on the night of Nov. 23, capturing the Confederate pickets and holding the position until the whole corps had crossed over. The brigade formed the extreme left of Gen. Sherman's army, and obtained the credit of turning the enemy's right flank at the great battle of Missionary ridge. In May, 1864, with the rest of the Army of the Tennessee, the regiment moved against the enemy and became hotly engaged at Resaca, Ga., losing heavily, but driving the enemy across the river and planting its colors on the Confederate works. It was repeatedly attacked, but could not be driven from the position gained. It lost heavily in the assault on Kennesaw mountain. Upon reaching Savannah Gen. W. B. Hazen selected nine regiments, including the 116th, to carry Fort McAllister, and within 15 minutes after the bugle sounded "Forward" the regimental colors were on the works and the garrison captured. The regiment then participated in the campaign of the Carolinas, at Bentonville, N. C, encountered for the last time its old foe, Gen. Jos. E. Johnston's army, and fought its last battle. From Goldsboro it started for Washington, via Raleigh, Richmond and Alexandria, participated in the grand review before the president, and was finally mustered out near Washington on June 7, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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