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112th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
112th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 6, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Twelfth Illinois Infantry. Col., Thomas J. Henderson; Lieut. -Col., Emery S. Bond; Majs., James M. Hosford, Tristram T. Dow. This regiment was mustered into the U. S. service on Sept. 20 and 22, 1862, at Peoria, and was ordered to report to Maj.-Gen. Wright, commanding the Department of the Ohio, at Cincinnati. It accordingly moved by rail from Peoria on Oct. 18, and arrived at Cincinnati about midnight on Oct. 10, when it was immediately ordered across the Ohio river to report to Maj.-Gen. Gordon Granger at Covington, Ky. It was under fire for the first time at Monticello, Ky., in the spring of 1863, and although it was not severely engaged and suffered no loss, it was complimented for its steadiness. A detachment of the regiment joined Col. Sanders in his celebrated raid over the mountains into East Tennessee and lost 11 men captured and 5 drowned in swimming Clinch river at night. In July the regiment was engaged in the pursuit of a body of Confederates under Scott, and after capturing about 500 prisoners and scattering many others in the woods, Scott was finally driven over the Cumberland river and into the mountains, when the regiment again returned to Danville, having had 1 man killed and 6 wounded in the pursuit. It then began the work of preparing for a campaign into East Tennessee, where its operations were at Kingston, Post Oak springs, Athens, Calhoun, Charleston, Cleveland, Sweetwater, Philadelphia, Loudon, Campbell's station, Knoxville, Bean's station, Blain's cross-roads, Dandridge, Sevierville, Fair Garden, Kelly's ford, Flat Creek gap, and other places, at many of which it was engaged in numerous skirmishes or battles, and being constantly in the presence of the enemy. At Cleveland, 1 captain was killed, several men wounded, and about 20 captured. It had 21 men cut off and captured while guarding a ford on the Hiawassee river. In a handsome charge at Philadelphia 1 man was killed and several wounded. At Knoxville the regiment, with cavalry and mounted infantry, was thrown out in front to hold Longstreet in check, while the town was put in a defensible condition, and on Nov. 18 behaved most gallantly, losing about 100 killed and wounded, and some 20 men cut off and captured. At Bean's station, Dandridge and Flat creek, the regiment lost several killed and wounded in each engagement. At Kelly's ford it had 19 wounded, including 4 commissioned officers, and 1 man killed. The regiment then participated in the Atlanta campaign, and was actively engaged at Resaca, losing some 50 men killed and wounded among the latter the colonel. At Utoy creek it was with its brigade in an unsuccessful assault on the enemy's works, and lost 71 men killed, wounded and missing. It was engaged in numerous other battles and skirmishes of this campaign. Going into Tennessee in pursuit of Hood, it participated in the battles of Columbia and Franklin, losing some 30 or 40 men killed and wounded, and also participated in the battle of Nashville. It was then transferred to North Carolina, where it aided in the reduction of Fort Anderson, in driving the enemy from his works at Town creek, and finally from Wilmington, which place was occupied on Feb. 22, 1865. After the surrender of Johnston's army it moved to Greensboro, N. C, where it remained until June 20, 1865, when it was mustered out and ordered to Chicago, Ill.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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