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10th Illinois Infantry (3 years)
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
10th Illinois Infantry (3 years) Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 1, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book
 

Regimental History
Tenth Illinois Infantry (Three Years' Service). Cols., James D. Morgan, John Tillson ; Lieut.-Cols., John Tillson, McLean F. Wood, David Gillespie; Majs., John Tillson, Francis A. Dallam, Joseph G. Rowland, Charles S. Cowan, Samuel J. Wilson, George A. Race. This regiment was mustered into the three years' service July 29, 1861, at Cairo; thence was soon removed to Mound City, Ill., where it remained through the winter, taking part in Jan., 1862, in the movement of Grant's forces toward Columbus and Paducah. In February it was stationed at Bird's Point, Mo., and while there had a brisk engagement with Jeff Thompson's troopers, near Sikeston, Mo., taking several prisoners and 2 held pieces. It engaged in the siege of New Madrid, and in a night movement on March 12 advanced on the place, drove in the enemy's pickets, established earthworks and planted 4 field pieces commanding the Confederate forts, without raising alarm until daylight, when the Federal fire opened. During the next day it lay under the fire of the enemy's two forts and five gunboats and made sorties in which 3 men were killed. On April 7 it crossed the river from New Madrid in the advance of Pope's army, intercepted Confederates retreating from Island No. 10, bringing to surrender at Tiptonville Gen. Mackall with several thousand men and a large amount of field artillery and small arms. It took part in the movements of Pope's army in the advance on Corinth, had a brisk fight in forcing a passage through Four-mile swamp, losing 2 men killed and 5 wounded, capturing 15 and killing an equal number of the enemy. The regiment entered Corinth on May 30 and thence pursued the enemy to Booneville. On Aug. 31 the regiment marched from Tuscumbia, Ala., by way of Florence, Athens and Columbia, to Nashville and had 5 men killed by guerrillas on the march. It reached Nashville Sept. 12, and remained there most of the time until July, 1863, with occasional movements in the neighborhood. On Oct. 1, 1863, with the 10th Mich., 60th Ill., and a section of an Ohio battery, in connection with McCook's cavalry, it made a forced march of 28 miles from Bridgeport up the Sequatchie valley, driving out Wheeler's cavalry which had raided Federal supply trains and destroyed nearly 1,200 wagons, 110 of them laden with ordnance stores. On Nov. 24 it crossed the Tennessee river on pontoons and supported Sherman's attack on Missionary ridge. It closely pursued Hardee's retreating column and at Chickamauga Station captured 20 of the rear-guard and scattered the Confederate transportation trains. On Jan. 1, 1864, the regiment reenlisted as a veteran organization; 394 were mustered as veterans on the 8th and left on the 9th for a 30-days' furlough, rendezvousing at Quincy. Returning again to the field, the regiment remained in quarters at Rossville, Ga., until May 2, when it broke camp and moved with Sherman's army towards Atlanta. After the fall of Atlanta it encamped at that city until Oct. 4, when it followed Hood northward to Gaylesville, Ala., thence returned to Marietta, Ga., where it received 200 recruits and started on the "March to the Sea." It participated in the movements of the Army of the Tennessee on this march, ending with the taking of Savannah. Joining in the Carolina campaign, it remained at Pocotaligo until Jan. 30, when it moved up on the right bank of the river and effected a crossing at Rivers' bridge on Feb. 3, with a loss of 40 men, the 3d brigade, to which the regiment was attached, being in the advance and losing about 125 men. The regiment marched to Midway on the Augusta & Charleston railroad ; crossed South Edisto at Binnaker's bridge, throwing over a pontoon in face of the enemy, and by wading after dark over one-third of a mile through the "lake," took the position of the enemy in the flank, drove him from his intrenchments and captured several prisoners and a caisson. The regiment passed with the army through Orangeburg to Columbia, Winnsboro and Cheraw, skirmishing and destroying railroad, and thence to Fayetteville, N. C. At the Cape Fear river the enemy's cavalry was driven back with a loss of 1 lieutenant and 5 men killed. The regiment then pushed on toward Goldsboro and when the 14th corps was attacked at Bentonville, the 10th joined it by a forced night march and took part in the battle. The loss of the regiment on this occasion was about 60, of whom 11 were killed; and of the brigade over 100. After Johnston's surrender the regiment moved to Richmond, Fredericksburg and Washington, where it participated in the grand review. It was mustered out on July 4, 1865, and the men received their final discharge and pay July 11, 1865, at Chicago, Ill.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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