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104th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
104th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 5, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Fourth Illinois Infantry. Col., Absalom B. Moore; Lieut. -Col., Douglas Hapeman; Maj., John H. Widmer. This regiment was organized at Ottawa in Aug., 1862, and was composed almost entirely of La Salle county men. Before being uniformed or armed it received orders to report at Louisville, Ky., where it remained for some time, and in the reorganization of Gen. Buell's army was assigned to Gen. Dumont's division. When Gen. Buell commenced his march in pursuit of Gen. Bragg the 104th was on the left of the army, going first to Frankfort, Ky., where it remained until Oct. 26, then marched via Bowling Green, Glasgow and Tompkinsville, and on Dec. 1 reached Hartsville, Tenn., where an attack was made by the enemy on the Federals Dec. 7, seven companies of the regiment being in line, the other three being absent on guard duty. The battle lasted 1 hour and 15 minutes, during which time the regiment lost 44 men killed and about 150 wounded, and then being completely surrounded was obliged to surrender. It was exchanged in the spring of 1863, and sent to Murfreesboro, where it remained until the advance of the army on Tullahoma, when it marched through Hoover's gap, skirmishing with the enemy with slight loss, then passed through Manchester, again skirmishing at Elk river. When Gen. Bragg crossed the Tennessee river it went into camp at Decherd, Tenn., where it remained until Aug. 15, when it marched to Stevenson, Ala., and remained there until the army made the advance which ended in the battle of Chickamauga and the occupation of Chattanooga. On Sept. 10 it moved forward to Davis' cross-roads and on the following day developed the Confederate army at Dug gap, in Pigeon mountain. After a severe skirmish, with some loss, it fell back again to McLemore's cove, where it remained until the 16th, when the movement towards Chattanooga was commenced. On the night of the 18th it marched all night, taking a position in front of Crawfish springs, where it was engaged during the 19th, exposed most of the time to a terrific artillery fire and suffering a severe loss. On the evening of the 19th it moved to the extreme left of the army and on the 20th was engaged, suffering a heavy loss, falling back in the evening to Rossville. On the 21st it remained at Rossville, skirmishing with the enemy, losing several men, and at night fell back to Chattanooga, being the rear-guard in the movement, reaching the works at Chattanooga about daylight on the morning of Sept. 22. The loss suffered by the regiment in the campaign was severe, as it was engaged in several hard skirmishes besides the two days of the battle. It fought at Lookout mountain, near the White house, when the 1st brigade, 1st division, 14th army corps, repulsed an attack made by the Confederates, about 9 p. m. of Nov. 24, to regain possession of the ground. It was engaged in the capture of Missionary ridge and captured a number of prisoners. It joined the march toward Atlanta on May 7, 1864, and on the 9th was in front of Buzzard Roost gap, where it remained skirmishing until the 12th, when it marched to the right, passing Snake Creek gap. It was engaged in the battle of Resaca, losing 1 man killed and 9 wounded. It marched to Dallas and remained there until it moved to the front of Kennesaw mountain, where it was engaged, skirmishing nearly all the time until the enemy left the mountain. At the battle of Peachtree creek the regiment fought nobly and the loss was heavy 16 killed, 29 wounded and 5 missing. It was engaged at Utoy creek, losing 5 killed and 18 wounded, and it also fought in the battle of Jonesboro. The regiment marched with Sherman to the sea and on the campaign of the Carolinas, being engaged at the battle of Bentonville and in several skirmishes, with small loss. It commenced the march from Raleigh to Washington on April 30, arrived at the latter place on May 19, and participated in the grand review. The regiment was mustered out on June 6, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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