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101st Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
101st Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 5, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and First Infantry . Col., Charles H. Fox; Lieut. - Cols., William J. Wyatt, Jesse T. Newman, John B. Lesage; Majs., Jesse T. Newman, John B. Lesage, Napoleon B. Brown, Sylvester L. Moore. This regiment was organized at Camp Duncan, Jacksonville, during the latter part of the month of Aug., 1862, and on Sept. 2. was formally mustered into the U. S. service. For about a month after this the regiment remained at Camp Duncan, engaged in drilling and equipping for the field. On Oct. 6 marching orders came and it embarked on the cars on the evening of the 7th and reached Cairo at sunset. There it remained for over a month doing garrison duty, the interim being devoted to drill, in which the regiment became so proficient as to win a very fair name. In consequence of the rainy weather there was a great deal of sickness while at Cairo and a number of men were discharged or died from disease. On Nov. 26 the regiment left Cairo and proceeded down the river to Columbus, Ky., and thence by rail to Davis' mill, Miss., where it was assigned to Loomis' brigade, Ross' division, Army of the Tennessee. On Dec. 20 Holly Springs was captured, when Cos. B, C, E, F. I and the sick men of Co. A were taken prisoners and paroled. When the town was captured Cos. D, G, H and K, which were stationed along the railroad, fell back to Coldwater, where they fell in with the 19th Ill. and assisted greatly in repelling Van Dorn's attack on that place. In Oct., 1863, the captured companies having been exchanged and the regiment reunited, it was temporarily assigned to the 1st brigade, 3d division, 11th army corps, and started on the march to the front, arriving on the 28th at Lookout valley, where on the night of its arrival it participated in the night battle of Wauhatchie, but by singular good fortune not a man was hurt. On Nov. 22 it received marching orders and proceeded to Chattanooga, where it participated in the battle that followed, losing 1 man killed. During the engagement at Resaca it is said the regiment was ordered to take a hill in front of it, which it did in so gallant a style as to win the admiration of Gen. Hooker, who happened to be standing near, and who cheered the troops with the encouraging shout of "Go in, my Illinois boys." The next afternoon it was ordered forward and at 4 o'clock was charged by a Confederate force. Both officers and men of the regiment conducted themselves gallantly and rendered valuable services, losing 1 man killed, 6 mortally and 40 slightly wounded. Pressing the Confederates, it again came upon them at Cassville, but did not get into a fight as the enemy left. Again it followed and got into a hot fight at New Hope Church. After this the regiment bore an honorable share in the various maneuvers around Kennesaw and Pine mountains, losing 1 killed and 5 or 6 wounded. In the battle of Kolb's farm it supported Battery I, 1st N. Y., which did signal execution during the fight. In the engagement at Peachtree creek 5 of the regiment were killed and 35 wounded. It started on the great march to the sea and participated in all its glories, its trials and its triumphs. Whether as advance guard, driving Confederate cavalry before it, or as rear-guard, pulling wagons out of the mud, or in corduroying roads over unfathomable mud-holes, the regiment always did its duty so well as to win high commendations from its brigade and division commanders. In Jan., 1865, it crossed the Savannah river and went through the great campaign of the Carolinas, participating in the battles of Averasboro and Bentonville with a loss of only 1 man wounded. It then marched to Washington and participated in the "grand review," after which it went into camp at Bladensburg. On June 7, 1865, it was mustered out and started for Springfield, where on June 21 it was paid off and disbanded.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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